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DEFENCE NEWS- SMART BORDER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES BY INDIA

 INDIA ERECTING 'STEEL MESHED FENCES' ALONG PAKISTAN, BANGLADESH BORDERS 

India constantly taking steps to strength and secure its borders. In this process a non-cut meshed steel fence will installed after removing the old rusted wires from the Pakistan & Bangladesh borders. With this, we can prevent infiltration from the vulnerable and infiltration-prone areas that are close to the sensitive border of India-Pakistan. Present rickety barbed wires will replace by the non cut meshed steel fence with anti rust coating and with the loops of concertina wires on the top of fencing.  

What is the cause of this move-
There has been continuous infiltration from Pakistan and old fence is 40-50 years old, it's totally rusted so it can easily cut by terrorists during infiltration. Terrorist whom were trained in Pok based launch pads or trained from Afghanistan militancy groups. They used water ways or LOC/ international border fences for infiltration into India. Because rusted fence can easily cut off by the help of hand cutter.
 Border fence at India-Pak international border
After that they entered in hinterland of J&K and they provoke the locals against the nation and give offer to join militancy. When they mixed up with locals then can't easily caught by security forces.
In Assam and Bengal rising illegal migration through India-Bangladesh border so BSF planing to seal India-Bangladesh border by non-cut steel fence within next 10 years.

Pilot projects of steel fence-
A pilot project of steel fence is being tested at Assam Silchar along India-Bangladesh border in 7 km range and also being erected at the 60 km border stretch near Amritsar in Punjab. This project is being analyzing by BSF and security official stated "it will be evolutionary change in the border security management". After analyse, the approx cost of this fencing 2 crore/km but cost may reduce when its installed in long area.
An example of non-cut steel meshed fence

The Central Public Work Department(CPWD) is implementing the project with help of and the contract has given to a firm called AON Fencing & Gates, headquarted in Ireland

 LASER FENCE(LASER WALL) PROJECT-
Such steel fencing or normal fencing can't be installed in hilly areas, rivers and large drains. 
The home ministry has also planned for "laser fencing" along Pakistan and Bangladesh international borders in next 5 years. Because steel fences can't be installed near hilly areas, rivers and nala, so in such areas the soldiers have to be vigilant day-night. Sometimes due to seasonal reason like snowfall, heavy raining soldiers can't guard in such situations. this the reason to select these areas to penetrate into Indian territory by terrorists. 
Pilot project of laser fencing gave to Indian startup company CRON. Home Ministry has decided to install laser-inbelted fencing and high technology sensors in these areas to prevent suspect infiltration and secure borders. The Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) working to deploy smart fences, advanced surveillance gudgets and anti infiltration alarms rapidly by the border management division which works under home ministry and border security forces(BSF).
In Uttar pradesh districts Pilibhit and Bahrai at India- Nepal international border under pilot project laser fence has erected . This project being analyzing by Border Management Division and Home Ministry.  

Laser device installed in the laser fence at every 200 meters, so that if any object cross between the 200 meter poles on both sides, it will detect automatically. These sensors works as quick response tool which will send alarm message to base management. In laser fence underwater and high optical sensors also installed. DRDO working on unmanned arial vehicle which can detect and destroy enemy unmanned arial object which cross the international border.
This is an example image of Laser fence, this is not border fence
















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